Engaging 21st Century Adolescent Learners

Compiled by Sherah Carr, Ph.D., Kenneth Whaley & Victoria Dodd
Mercer University – Tift College of Education

February, 2011

Appleton, J. J., Christenson, S. L., Kim, D., & Reschly, A. L. (2006). Measuring cognitive and psychological engagement: Validation of the Student Engagement Instrument. Journal of School Psychology, 44, 427-445.

Betts, J. E., Appleton, J. J., Reschly, A. L., Christenson, S. L., & Huebner, E. S. (2010). A study of the factorial invariance of the Student Engagement Instrument (SEI): Results from middle and high school students. School Psychology Quarterly, 25(2), 84-93.

Bridges, B. K., Kuh, G. D., & O'Day, P. (2001). The national survey of student engagement. NetResults. Retrieved February 11, 2011 from http://www.naspa.org/

 Chauncey, C.T. & Walser, N. Eds. (2009) Spotlight on student engagement, motivation, and achievement. Harvard Education Letter.

Committee on Increasing High School Students' Engagement and Motivation to Learn (2003). Engaging schools: Fostering high school students' motivation to learn. National Research Council.

Easton, L. B. (2008). Engaging the disengaged: How schools can help struggling students succeed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Fredricks, J. A., Blumenfeld, P. C., & Paris, A. (2004). School engagement: Potential of the concept, state of the evidence. Review of Educational Research, 74, 59–119.

Fredricks, J., McColskey, W., Meli, J., Mordica, J., Montrosse, B., & Mooney, K. (2011). Measuring student engagement in upper elementary through high school: A description of 21 instruments. (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2011–No. 098). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs

Glasser, W. (1998). Choice theory: A new psychology of personal freedom. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Heacox, D. (2009). Making differentiation a habit: How to ensure success in academically diverse classrooms. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing Inc.

Indiana University (2010). High school survey of student engagement. Retrieved June 26, 2010 from http://ceep.indiana.edu/hssse/index.htm

Nelson, K. J. (2007). Teaching in the digital age: Using the Internet to increase student engagement and understanding. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Perdue, N.H., Manzeske, D.P., & Estell, D.B. (2009). Early predictors of school engagement: Exploring the role of peer relationships. Psychology in the Schools, 46(10), 1084-1097.

Philp, R. (2007). Engaging “tweens and teens:  A brain compatible approach to reaching middle and high school students. Thousand Oaks, CA:  Corwin Press.

Principal Partnership (2006). Research brief on student engagement. Retrieved October 6, 2008 from www.principalspartnership.com/studentengagement.pdf

Quate, S. J., & McDermott, J. (2009). Clock watchers: Six steps to motivating and engaging disengaged students across content areas. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Riggs, E. G. & Gholar, G. H. (2009). Strategies that promote student engagement: Unleashing the desire to learn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Ryan, A.M. & Patrick, H. (2001). The classroom social environment and changes in adolescents’ motivation and engagement during middle school. American Educational Research Journal, 38(2) 437-460.

Schlecty, P. (January, 1994). Increasing student engagement. Missouri Leadership Academy.

Strong, R. Silver, H.F., & Robinson, A. (1995). Strengthening student engagement: What do students want. Educational Leadership. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept95/vol53/num01/Strengthening-Student-Engagement@-What-Do-Students-Want.aspx

Sullo, B. (2009). The motivated student: Unlocking the enthusiasm for learning. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Sullo, B. (2007). Activating the desire to learn. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Vermette, P. J. (2009). Engaging teens in their own learning.  Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education.

Vokoun, M. J., & Bigelow, T. P. (2008). Dude, what choice do I have? Educational Leadership, 66(3), 70-74.

Yazzie-Mintz, E. (2009). Engaging the voices of students: A report on the 2007 & 2008 High School Survey of Student Engagement. Bloomington, IN: Center for Evaluation & Education Policy.


References on Choice


Anderson, L., Krathwohl, D., Airasian, P., Cruikshank, K., Mayer, R., Pintrich, P., Raths, J., & Wittrock, M. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching and assessing: A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives. New York, NY: Longman.

Assor, A. Kaplan, H., & Roth, G. (2002). Choice is good, but relevance is excellent: Autonomy-

enhancing and suppressing teacher behaviors predicting students’ engagement in schoolwork. The British Journal of Educational Psychology. 72(2), 261-278.

Brown, D. F. (2006). It’s the curriculum, stupid! There’s something wrong with it. In B. S. Stern & M. L. Kysilka (Eds.), Contemporary readings in curriculum (pp. 291-297). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Ertmer, P.A., & Newby, T. J. (1993). Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: Comparing critical features from an instructional design perspective. Performance improvement quarterly, 6(4), 50-72.

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York, NY: BasicBooks.

Gentry, M., & Owen, S. V. (2004). Secondary student perceptions of classroom quality: Instrumentation and differences between advanced/honors and nonhonors classes. The Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 16(1). 20-29.

Kosky, C., & Curtis, R. (2008). An action research exploration integrating student choice and arts activities in a sixth grade social studies classroom. Journal of Social Studies Research, 32(1), 22-27.

Linn-Cohen, R., & Hertzog, N. B. (2007). Unlocking the GATE to differentiation: A qualitative study of two self-contained gifted classes. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 31(2), 227-259.

Powers, E. A. (2008). The use of independent study as a viable differentiation technique for gifted learners in the regular classroom. Gifted Child Today (Waco, Tex.: 2000), 31(3), 57-65.

Reeve, J. (2009). Why teachers adopt a controlling motivating style toward students and how they can become more autonomy supportive. Educational Psychologist, 44(3), 159-175.

Reeve, J., & Halusic, M. (2009). How k-12 teachers can put self-determination theory principles into practice. Theory and Research in Education, 7(2), 145-154.

Reeve, J., Nix, G., & Hamm, D. (2003). Testing models of the experience of self-determination in intrinsic motivation and the conundrum of choice. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(2), 375-392.

Ward, J., Wilkinson, C., Graser, S. V., & Prusak, K. A. (2008). Effects of choice on student motivation and physical activity behavior in physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27(3), 385-398.

Whaley, K. A. (under review). Fostering algebraic thinking: Choice and personal application in seventh grade mathematics. Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School.


Web Links Related to Student Engagement

Engage Students with Technology “A Vision of K-12 Students Today”  YouTube Video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_A-ZVCjfWf8

Meaningful Engaged Learning - http://www.learner.org/workshops/socialstudies/pdf/session6/6.MeaningfulLearning.pdf

Engaging Students with Cell Phone Technology - http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ed086p1219

Ideas for Engaging Students in Passion-Based Learning-   http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2009/08/ideas-for-engaging-students-in-passion.html

Ten Steps to Better Student Engagement - http://www.edutopia.org/project-learning-teaching-strategies